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Biosphere Reserves in India


Biospheres are sites where protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.

Biosphere reserves are sites established by countries and recognized under UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program to promote sustainable development based on local community efforts and sound science. Currently there are 580 sites across 114 countries.

The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves of India. Seven of the 18 biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program list.

S.No

Name of Biosphere Reserve

Location

1

Great Rann of Kutch

Gujarat

2

Nokrek

Meghalaya

3

Manas

Assam

4

Gulf of Mannar

Tamil Nadu

5

Sundarban

West Bengal

6

Nandadevi

Uttrakhand

7

Nilgiri

Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka

8

Dehang Debang

Assam

9

Panchmani

Madhya Pradesh

10

Amarkantak

Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh

11

Kanchenjunga

Sikkim

12

Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve

Kerala and Tamil Nadu

13

Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

Andaman and Nicobar

14

Dibru-Saikhowa

Assam

15

Cold Desert

Himachal Pradesh

16

Seshachalam Hills

Andhra Pradesh

17

Simplipal

Orissa

18

Amarkantak 

Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh

 

  • Great Runn of Kutch in Gujarat is the largest Biosphere reserve in India while Dibru-Saikhowa is the smallest.

  • Seshachalam Hills is the latest (2010) entry into the list of Biosphere reserve, while Nilgiri Biosphere reserve is the first entry (1986) in the list

Seven of the seventeen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program list Seven of the seventeen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Program list.

  1. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, 2000
  2. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, 2001
  3. Sundarbans national park, 2001
  4. Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, 2004
  5. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve, 2009
  6. Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, 2009
  7. Simlipal Biosphere Reserve, 2009
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